Sahabat Maya :

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

New curriculum for 2011








KUALA LUMPUR: A new primary school curriculum will be introduced in 2011, with fewer subjects and a more interactive teaching approach.

The new curriculum, called Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah or KSSR, will see some subjects combined, and new ones created with themes on nationhood and patriotism.

It will apply to national and vernacular schools.

It is learnt that modules will be used to teach pupils in place of textbooks.

KSSR will be introduced in Year One next year, and advance through primary school together with the pupils as they go up to the next level of education.

At the same time, KIA2M or the Early Intervention Programme for Reading and Writing - introduced in 2006 to ensure all pupils can read and write by the end of their primary school years - will be abolished.

Education director-general Tan Sri Alimuddin Mohd Dom told the New Sunday Times that the KSSR would represent a "transformation in education".

It will not replace the present New Primary School Curriculum or KBSR but exist alongside it.

"KSSR's main aimis to strengthen the command of Bahasa Malaysia and English among primary school pupils.

"The teaching and learning approach will be more interactive and interesting, especially for the teaching of the two languages in line with the Education Ministry's policy to strengthen both languages as the teaching of Science and Mathematics in English comes to an end that year."

Alimuddin said teachers were being prepared for the KSSR. On the scrapping of the KIA2M, Alimuddin said it was not because it was unsuccessful.

"It is more because of situational circumstances. With the onset of the KSSR in 2011, the need for an intervention programme such as the one offered through KIA2M is no longer relevant.

"This is because the learning and content standards that are outlined in KSSR are specifically aimed towards ensuring pupils acquire basic literacy skills by the end of Year 3."

This is also in line with the second National Key Result Areas (NKRA) for the ministry - to ensure all primary school pupils have basic literacy skills after three years of formal schooling. Also to be introduced next year, said Alimuddin, is the National Standard- Based Pre-school Curriculum (KSPK) for five and six-year-olds.

"This curriculum will be used by all preschools in the country, whether they are government pre-schools, those operated by agencies such as the Community Development Department (Kemas), Tadika Perpaduan, or privately-run.

"This is to ensure the aspirations, principles and aims inherent in the curriculum are captured by all pupils through the education they receive at that level."

He said this would also help the ministry realise its first NKRA, which is to ensure 87 per cent pre-school enrolment by 2012. The KSPK, said Alimuddin, would also involve a new approach in teaching and learning.

"More music and singing would be incorporated into the syllabus.

"More time would also be allocated for English."

Copyright 2010










DALAM tempoh Rancangan Malaysia Kesepuluh, (RMK-10) kurikulum baharu untuk sekolah rendah dan menengah akan diperkenalkan.

Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Rendah akan diganti dengan Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah tahun depan diikuti dengan kurikulum baharu untuk sekolah menengah.

Kurikulum berbentuk modular itu akan memberi peluang kepada semua pelajar melalui proses pembelajaran mengikut kemampuan sendiri. Ia juga memupuk sikap bertanggungjawab terhadap pembelajaran sendiri menerusi aktiviti eksplorasi yang boleh menyerlahkan potensi mereka.

Kurikulum itu akan menekankan kreativiti, inovasi dan keusahawanan merentasi semua mata pelajaran.

Sebagai usaha membentuk pelajar seimbang dari segi akademik dan kesukanan, kurikulum baharu akan menjadikan Sukan sebagai subjek mata pelajaran mulai tahun depan.

Sehubungan, peruntukan untuk geran sukan bagi setiap pelajar akan dinaikkan dari RM2.40 kepada RM4 bagi sekolah rendah dan RM4 kepada RM6 untuk sekolah menengah.

Di bawah RMK-10, kerajaan akan melaksana pelbagai kaedah perkongsian awam-swasta seperti dalam pengurusan sekolah dan pembiayaan yuran sekolah.

Kerajaan juga akan menyediakan insentif kepada pengusaha swasta bagi mempercepatkan penyediaan prasekolah dan membolehkan mereka mendapat geran pembinaan di kawasan kurang membangun di luar bandar.

Sektor swasta dijangka membina 488 prasekolah tahun ini, 1,000 tahun depan dan 1,145 tahun 2012.

Skim pembiayaan bersama bagi meningkatkan permintaan terhadap pendidikan prasekolah juga akan dilaksana bagi membantu golongan berpendapatan rendah.

Bantuan sehingga RM150 sebulan diberikan kepada mereka untuk pendidikan kanak-kanak berumur 4+ dan 5+ tahun di prasekolah swasta.

Dalam tempoh rancangan, umur bagi memulakan persekolahan akan dikurangkan daripada 6+ kepada 5+. Langkah ini selaras dengan amalan negara maju.

Sementara itu perkongsian awam-swasta dalam pendidikan asas memberi autonomi kepada pengendali sekolah sebagai tukaran kepada penambahbaikan yang spesifik dalam prestasi pelajar seperti yang dipersetujui dalam kontrak rasmi.

Model serupa telah diguna pakai di sekolah persendirian Cina di Malaysia seperti yang diguna pakai oleh Charter School di Amerika Syarikat, Independent School di Sweden serta specialist school dan academy school di United Kingdom.


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